Pakistani Christians living in fear
Pakistani Christians who are charged under the country’s blasphemy laws are living in hiding – even after being found innocent.
Under the laws, insulting Islam can be punished by death. Critics argue that the laws are being used to settle petty grievances and that Christians are disproportionately represented among defendants.
Even after Christians are acquitted, they continue to face hardship. Many leave their home areas and live in fear that extremists will track them down. Since 1990, at least 65 people have died in cases linked to blasphemy in Pakistan, although no judicial execution has ever taken place.
Rubina Bibi and her family were forced into hiding five years ago. A Christian from Ali Pur Chattha town in the Punjab province, she fled after being accused of blasphemy by a man who witnessed her arguing with a local woman who had allegedly sold her rancid butter. Bibi was held in prison for months with her one-year-old baby while the case was being decided.
Since being acquitted, she and her husband are living in Islamabad. Still in hiding, they struggle to feed their children.
‘We spend our wages on food and can hardly manage,’ she says. ‘My children don’t have clothes. What can we do?’
Pakistan’s blasphemy laws were established in 1860, under British rule. Until 1986, only 15 prosecutions were brought, according to figures from the Center for Research and Security Studies. But after military ruler Zia-ul-Haq expanded the scope to include offences such as insulting the prophet Muhammad– for which the death penalty was introduced – cases have surged.
Nonetheless, there is some hope for reform since Pakistan’s Supreme Court ruled in late 2015 that suggesting revisions to the blasphemy laws does not, in itself, violate the law. But the religious Right remains stiffly opposed.