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Anyone can start a co-op. Nothing could be simpler. All it takes is a bright idea shared by at least two people – no co-op is too small to make a difference. You meet, decide what to call yourselves – and away you go.

However, durable co-ops usually combine the excitement of the first idea with some clear-headed thinking – which can be rewarding, too. Look for the most difficult questions you can possibly ask yourselves. Is anyone else doing the same thing? If so, what can you learn from them? If not, is it such a bright idea after all?

There is no formula. All kinds of co-ops abound and they work in different ways. It’s important to find – or invent – the right way for you. Regulations and tax regimes vary from one country to the next – they can make a very big difference. Two things always matter more than most:

Never lose sight of your ideals. Keep them alive and kicking. That’s what co-ops are for – and why they can be the best way to translate your ideals into practice.

Co-operation – not competition – between co-ops is a basic principle. There’s a network to promote it, which can save you a lot of time and trouble.

So, one of your first moves should be to find your nearest useful contact. It might be another co-op. If you’re lucky, there’ll be a good local co-op development association. If not, contact your regional or national association and they should be able to help – or to put you in touch with someone who can.

Aotearoa/New Zealand

New Zealand Co-operatives Association,

Level 5, Agriculture House,

12 Johnston Street,

Wellington 6001.

tel: (+64) 4 472 4595

fax: (+64) 4 472 4538

email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]?Subject=From%20www.newint.org/issue368/action.htm)

web: http://www.nzco-ops.org.nz


Co-operative Federation of Victoria Ltd,

71 Franciscan Avenue,


Victoria 3199.

tel: (+61) 9785 6704

fax: (+61) 9785 6542

web: http://www.australia.coop


Co-operatives UK,

Holyoake House,

Hanover Street,

Manchester M60 0AS.

tel: (+44) 161 246 2900

fax: (+44) 161 831 7684

email: via website

web: http://www.cooperatives-uk.coop


Canadian Co-operative Association,

Co-operative House,

400-275 Bank Street,

Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 2L6.


tel: (+1) 613 238 6711

fax: (+1) 613 567 0658

email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]?Subject=From%20www.newint.org/issue368/action.htm)

web: http://www.coopscanada.coop

United States

University of Wisconsin Center for Co-operatives,

Website: http://www.wisc.edu/uwcc


National Co-operative Business Association,

1401 New York Ave NW,

Suite 1100,

Washington DC 200005.

tel: (+1) 202 638 6222

fax: (+1) 202 638 1374

email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]?Subject=From%20www.newint.org/issue368/action.htm)

web: http://www.ncba.coop

The International Co-operative Alliance (ICA)

15, route des Morillons,

1218 Grand-Saconnex,



tel: (+41) 22 929 88 88

fax: (+41) 22 798 41 22

email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]?Subject=From%20www.newint.org/issue368/action.htm)

web: http://www.coop.org

The ICA was set up at the end of the 19th century and is now based in Geneva, where it has formal links with the United Nations, and with the International Labour Organization (ILO) in particular. It has regional offices for the Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Central and Southern Africa and Europe. It also has organizations for agriculture, fisheries, banking, consumers, health, housing, insurance, tourism and workers.

Note that [coop](http://www.coop.org) domain names, though relatively expensive, are available only to co-ops and so may be able to give you the name you really want. You can register via the ICA website.

New Internationalist issue 368 magazine cover This article is from the June 2004 issue of New Internationalist.
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