Muslims - the facts

Islam
Religion

Andy Johnstone / Panos Pictures

Muslims of the world

*Islam is considered the fastest growing religion in the world. There are approximately 1.3 billion Muslims constituting a fifth of humanity. Most are under 25.*^1,2^

Major Religions

* Around 85 per cent of Muslims belong to the majority Sunni sect. The minority Shi’a Muslims are concentrated in Iran and Iraq.^2^ * Less than 20 per cent of Muslims are Arabs. Almost half of the world’s Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia.^2^

World’s most Muslim nations

The populations of the following countries are almost entirely Muslim. That is, about 99.5% or more of the native populations, and nearly all of the foreign workers, are Muslim.^3^

*Bahrain
Comoros
Kuwait
Maldives
Mauritania
Mayotte
Morocco
Oman
Qatar
Somalia
Saudi Arabia
Tunisia
United Arab Emirates
Western Sahara
Yemen*

Largest national Muslim populations^3^

Country
Number of Muslims

Indonesia
170,310,000

Pakistan
136,000,000

Bangladesh
106,050,000

India
103,000,000

Turkey
62,410,000

Iran
60,790,000

Egypt
53,730,000

Nigeria
47,720,000

China
37,108,000

Sizeable Muslim communities

*There are also sizeable Muslim communities in the following countries.*^1,3^ * The US has an estimated 5.7 million Muslims — roughly equal to its Jewish population * France has an estimated 3 million * Germany has an estimated 2.5 million * The UK has an estimated 1.5 million * Canada has an estimated 0.5 a million * Australia has an estimated 200,000

Hot spots

Refugees

The majority of the world’s estimated 12 million refugees are Muslim. And most of them take refuge in other Muslim countries.^4^

Top three refugee host countries

Frits Meyst / Panos Pictures

  1. Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRTCIC), Ankara, Turkey.
  2. National Geographic Magazine, January 2002.
  3. - an independent non-affiliated website of 4,200 religions

Subscribe   Ethical Shop