For the record...
Two-thirds of all video recorders in the world are concentrated in just four countries. The end-year estimate for each of these in 1982 is shown on the right
Australia and New Zealand have 36 and 18 recorders per thousand people respectively, Canadian figures not available. The Arab states may well have more recorders per person than anyone. Certainly the largest Sony dealer in the world is in Dubai - Jumbo Electronics sells 100,000 recorders per year, though about 60 per cent of these are for export.
Recession - hit Britain’s unlikely pre- eminence in this field is thought to be connected with the tradition of renting TVs. Around 70 per cent of British video recorders are rented.
Out of sight...
TV may be more immediate than print - but doesn’t necessarily communicate.
• The National Association of Broadcasting in the US tested viewers immediately after a news bulletin and found that 51 % could not recall a single news item.
• Even when viewers in another study in nine US cities were reminded what the stories were, they could remember on average the central point of a little more than half.
• According to the Finnish Broadcasting
Company: ‘Interviews carried out immediately after the news have shown that in general, little if anything is remembered of the content Unsystematic details which are retained are subsequently formed into a whole which may be faulty.
Source: Journal of Broadcasting, Summer 1981
US studies of TV casting show the world of television to have a very strange composition.
• Men are half the population, but have occupied between 66% and 75% of all TV roles for the past 25 years.
• Women make up 40% of the labour force but only 20% of TV roles having a definite occupation are held by women.
• Women in general are shown as vulnerable. Only 23% of operations on women in TV hospitals are successful, compared with 70% for men.
Source: T.A.T. Viewer's Guide (See worth reading)
The daily dose
The average US high school graduate has spent 15,000 hours in front of the TV and 11,000 hours in the classroom.
ADULTS in Australia, Canada, the USA and the UK view about two hours a day, though certain parts of the community watch more. A study in Australia showed that adult viewers were more likely to be female, old and poor.
CHILDREN in these countries view two to three hours a day. Viewing reaches a peak in pre-teen years and then declines. In Canada, for example, children of 2-6yrs. watch 20 hours a week, while those from 7 - 11 yrs. watch 22 hours.
According to UNESCO, the introduction of TV in twelve countries resulted in a decrease in household care, personal grooming and social engagements but increased the time devoted to home-centred activities like child care.
How nations with TV systems line up in order of sets per person.
Source: Television/Radio Age International