NI Global Issues for Learners of English > Country profiles > Zimbabwe



Zimbabwe flag

Map of Zimbabwe

Where Zimbabwe is

Area of country: 390,580 square kilometres

Information at a Glance


Population: 10,778,000 million
Population Growth rate: Text
Ethnic groups: 98% Bantu
Religions: syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%

AIDS is an major factor affecting population estimates for Zimbabwe.


Currency: Zimbabwe dollar
GDP per capita: $2,196
Main Industries: mining and agriculture
Main exports
: tobacco, gold, metal alloys, cotton


Life expectancy: 49 years
Infant mortality:62.25 deaths/1,000
Average calories consumed: 92% of calories needed
Safe water: 77% of population has access


Imports oil but some local processing of food, paper, sugar.


Literacy rate: 85%.
Languages: English is the official language. Most people speak their own Bantu languages.

Income Distribution

Improving; minimum wage legislation helps the employed.


Regions: high plateau with mountains in the eastern area
Problems: deforestation; damage to soil erosion; air and water pollution


OSocialistš but pragmatic one-party state.

Freedom & human rights

The government does not like being criticised but there is no real repression of the governments critics.

Position of women: one-third of the work force are women.

Sources: NI Profile; The World Guide, Leading Issues in Economic Development, CIA FactBook

NI Global Issues for Learners of English > Country profiles > Zimbabwe

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Last modified 8 January 2001