New Internationalist

The No-Nonsense Guide to Globalization

This new edition of The No-Nonsense Guide to Globalization was released in January 2011 and is fully updated throughout. The forward, Table of Contents and Chapter 1 are available for The No-Nonsense Guide to Globalization on our website. 

nn globalizationThe No-Nonsense Guide to Globalization
by Wayne Ellwood

You can’t turn around in Mexico without adding a few pesos to the pockets of Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim Helú. The fingerprints of the 71-year-old magnate are everywhere in the country: take out a mortgage, pick up your smart phone, knock back a soft drink or buy a shirt in the ubiquitous Sanborn’s department store chain. It’s money in the bank for Señor Slim. According to a recent poll of the world’s wealthy in Forbes magazine Slim is the globe’s richest person, with a net worth of $74 billion. More than 60% of his fortune comes from his control of Latin America’s major cell phone operator, America Movil. Its shares rose 18% last year. Americans Bill Gates ($56 billion) and Warren Buffet ($50 billion) are next on the list. According to Forbes there are 1,210 billionaires in the world with a combined wealth of $4.5 trillion. This kind of money is beyond comprehension for most of us. These guys have more money than half of humanity. To put it into perspective: if Carlos Slim spent his fortune at the rate of a million dollars an hour, it would take him nearly 8 ½ years to run out of cash. 

But what’s interesting about the Forbes list is not Slim’s rise to the top (he was there last year too) or the presence of Gates and Buffet, both of whom get their share of media coverage. The real story is the explosion of super wealthy in the developing world. 

The trends I described in The No-Nonsense Guide to Globalization, the concentration of wealth at the top and the growing gap between the rich and the rest of us, have worsened in the West in recent years. And now a globalized economy has brought the same mushrooming inequality to the fast-growing economies of the developing world. Brazil, India, Russia and China accounted for 108 of the 214 new billionaires on the list and a quarter of the world’s billionaires are now from these four countries. China has 115 billionaires and Russia 101, according to Forbes. Most of the action is in the Asia Pacific region in the penumbra of China’s explosive growth. The area has 332 billionaires, up from 234 a year ago. Meanwhile the US has 10 more billionaires than a year ago but 56 fewer than in 2008. 

The global economic meltdown of the past few years was caused by reckless financial speculation by banks and wealthy investors. By now that’s old news. But somehow we let them get away with it. We bailed them out with public funds and now, a few years later, the rich are firmly back in the saddle. CEO salaries are on the rise, global banks are making healthy profits, stock markets are booming. Yet the rich fend off tax increases while governments axe public spending and tell the rest of us to pull in our belts. We bailed out the rich and now we’re waiting for them to put their capital to work and bail us out? It’s the old trickle down model come back to haunt us. It doesn’t work, it never has.

In their important 2009 book, The Spirit Level, authors Richard Wilkerson and Kate Pickett, show a clear link between rising inequality, social disintegration and a whole host of associated ills – from higher infant mortality rates to higher rates of violence and reduced life expectancies. It seems to me we have a choice to make if we want to change things for the better in this world. And the rich aren’t going to like it. You can count on one thing: Carlos Slim is not going to lead the charge.

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  1. #1 Jim Killock 14 Mar 11

    Globalised intellectual property rights

    Hi there, I checked your intro and wondered whether you discuss the globalisation on copyright and patent standards to Western levels of protection and control through TRIPS, and how this fits in with globalisation as a project?

  2. #2 Joe Torrens 16 Mar 11

    Solution and action

    As you say, the great fortunes will not move a finger to solve the global problems. The rest of us will have to do the necessary changes. BIG - Best In Government has a solution and a program.
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  3. #3 New Internationalist Publications 05 Apr 11

    Hi Jim,

    So sorry for the late reply. Here's Wayne's response:

    ’TRIPS (the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) is an agreement largely shaped by the rich countries to gain tighter control over 'intellectual property', an all encompassing term that includes patents and copyright on everything from software and industrial designs to pharmaceuticals and seeds. It's administered by the World Trade Organization. At a macro level there's no doubt it's part of an overall project to consolidate corporate power globally. But it's a two-edged sword. In the case of Big Pharma in particular the extension of patent rights to anti-retroviral AIDS drugs has resulted in the death of thousands of poor patients in the South, especially in Africa. The 2001 Doha Agreement was supposed to relax those restraints. It didn't. On the other hand, individual writers and musicians now have clear control over their works and, theoretically, the right to earn an income from them without worrying about piracy. Although your teenage son or daughter may not agree with that. There's more detail in the No Nonsense Guide on Globalization.’

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