New Internationalist

‘Indigenous people were silenced and erased’

London climate protest [Related Image]
© Dominique Z Barron

An open letter from the Wretched of the Earth bloc to the organizers of the People’s Climate March of Justice and Jobs. 

On 7 December, indigenous activists from across the world kayaked down the River Seine to protest against the removal of the protection of indigenous rights as a crucial aspect of the climate treaty being negotiated in Paris. The pushback against indigenous rights was led by the US, European Union and Australia – all states with a rich past and present of colonial exploitation of people and land – who feared that the protection of indigenous rights might create legal liabilities.

The securing of indigenous rights over land and resources is not only crucial to preventing the key causes of climate change, but also is about doing justice to those peoples most impacted. The protest on the Seine was a clear message of the kinds of devastation already under way due to state-sponsored corporate greed.

The silencing and erasure of indigenous people, and of the vulnerable peoples from the Global South (the treaty also features a weakening of the human rights clause), at the climate talks is part of a long history of violent colonialism and racism that is at the heart of climate change.

This form of silencing is not limited to state and corporate powers – it runs rampant as well within the climate movement of the Global North. So, before you can begin to claim some empty support for indigenous and Global South peoples, we would like to remind you of your treatment of these very people at the People’s Climate March for Justice and Jobs that happened two weeks ago in London.

The climate march in London was led by the Wretched of the Earth, a bloc made up of indigenous people and people descended from communities from the Global South.

Indigenous delegates who had travelled from the Pacific Islands and from the Sami Nation in Sweden were invited to join the London Climate March after the attacks in Paris meant they could not attend there. Our communities, in both the Global South and the Global North, bear the heaviest burden of climate change and environmental degradation. This is through the deprivation of water and food, and the destruction of culture and life itself. The impacts of climate change are continuous with, and a consequence of, colonial and imperial violence that sees these lands and lives as expendable. Our place at the front of the march was therefore rightful, because we are from and of frontline communities.

However, like the history of any just cause, our place at the front of the march was not bestowed upon us. It was fought for, behind the scenes, for months, and after much pushback, it was agreed that we would lead the march. However, the agreement it seems was contingent upon us merely acting out our ethnicities – through attire, song and dance, perhaps – to provide a good photo-op, so that you might tick your narrow diversity box. The fact that we spoke for our own cause in our own words resulted in great consternation: you did not think that our decolonial and anti-imperialist message was consistent with the spirit of the march. In order to secure our place at the front, you asked us to dilute our message and make it ‘palatable’.

On the Sunday, our bloc arrived at the march only to find that you had organized a most colourful form of sabotage. Our place had been given to a group of people dressed in animal headgear. After having invited the Pacific Island and Sami people to lead the bloc, you then took away the main banner of the march and asked them to hold signs instead. The banners made by indigenous communities were covered up. Signs that proclaimed indigenous and Global South communities as the ‘Wretched of the Earth’ and charged ‘British Imperialism causes climate injustice’ were to be removed in favour of those that projected a more ‘positive message’.

To repeat: the place of indigenous, black and brown people was stolen and given away to people dressed as animals. Let’s say it again: so long as indigenous, black, and brown people were unwilling to merely add decorative value they were replaceable by animals.

This is colonialism at its most basic and obvious. The history of conquest, genocide and slavery is the foundation of our modern economic system – the very system responsible for the global disaster that is climate change. This is the same history that compares indigenous, black and brown people to animals and treats them as such. The history of colonialism is the ensuing legitimization of theft, occupation and erasure.

Your decision to overshadow the indigenous communities’ banner and to replace our bloc with animals indicates at best your historical amnesia, and at worst your own colonial mentality. It also highlights the wilful hypocrisy of the climate movement in the Global North: well before you started caring about polar bears and recycling, colonized and postcolonial peoples were already fighting to reclaim and heal their connection with the earth and all its life forms that were so brutally violated by European colonialism and extractive industries.

So, in response to your own colonial tactics, we changed ours. As some of us in the UK say, ‘If they don’t give us justice, then we won’t give them peace.’ And so we didn’t. We charged forward to hold our place at the front, we had a sit-in and a die-in, and each time you tried to by-pass us, we ran again. We acted in full solidarity to hold the space for people who had travelled long distances to be present with us at this time of great change. We can therefore proudly claim that the UK’s biggest climate march was indeed led by representatives of the Sami peoples in Scandinavia and of Islander peoples of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia, as well as black and brown communities living in the UK.

At various points during the march you called the police on us: first by complaining that the coffins we carried to commemorate the victims of environmental and climate genocide were a health hazard. Later, you called on them to kettle us during a brief die-in near BP’s headquarters so that the rest of the march could continue uninterrupted.

In case you missed it: you, the organizers of the climate march, called on the official agents of colonial and capitalist power to separate indigenous, black, and brown people from the march, portraying us as protesters against the march rather than frontline community members and soldiers for climate justice.

Our peoples bear a long history of resisting colonial domination and erasure in all its forms. The banner that we held while leading the march read ‘Still fighting Co2onialism’, bearing testament not only to this long history but also to our treatment by the organizers of the march. The chants that were heard first as the march headed through the streets of the city were those charging genocide, and demanding decolonialization as the only viable solution to climate change, ending with the traditional songs of the Sami people.

Your strategy of trying to erase us was continued well by the mainstream media, whose coverage made it appear as though we weren’t even there. You have since made no reference to your numerous and deliberate efforts to sabotage the bloc and deny our message. In fact, you have been trying to ignore us in the hope that our message will simply fizzle out, unworthy of mainstream attention.

All of this is just one of the many ways in which our communities are consistently erased as frontline fighters against climate change. Your attempts to replace the reality of the genocidal impacts of climate change on indigenous communities with bobbing animal-heads adds insult to injury – not because the protection of animals among all life forms is insignificant but because who other than frontline communities can better speak to the utter devastation of flora and fauna on their own lands.

We face an uphill battle in fighting climate change as part of the wider system that has created and enables it – capitalism and colonialism. But what happened at the London climate march is also a clear confirmation that the climate movement itself perpetuates these very oppressions.

The climate movement, in the UK and globally, will be decolonial or it will be nothing. That Sunday in London, the indigenous communities and Wretched of the Earth bloc proved this: the first to die, the first to fight, the first to march.

A movement that erases, silences and calls the police on frontline communities, those who do most of the dying and most of the resisting, is doomed to fail.

Those who seek to silence us must be held accountable – both the executives at the top who tell their employees that the clash ‘never happened’, and their foot soldiers who pulled away the banner and tried to take down our placards.

We are angry, but we are not hopeless. We do not want saviours, we know how to fight. Accountability, therefore, does not imply an apology. Accountability is redress and just action. For too long we have been speaking, shouting and chanting, often to no avail. Your active silencing of dissenting indigenous and Global South voices has contributed to yet another failed COP. But now, as one of our comrades has noted, we demand: ‘Listen when oppressed people speak’. In the lead-up to COP22 in Morocco, indigenous rights and human rights, as collective rights, must be at the forefront of any climate movement.

To paraphrase Utah Phillips: The climate movement is not white, but it is being white-washed. Indigenous rights and racial justice are not a distraction. They are the heart of climate justice. There is no more time for your dirty games. The clock is ticking.

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  1. #1 Kirk 19 Dec 15

    Please name the organisations and organisers responsible for this silencing. People need to know.

  2. #2 Valerie Leppard 19 Dec 15

    Once again I am ashamed to be white. I have no words of comfort for indigenous people but I am wholly in favour of all your struggles to be free.

  3. #3 catherine 20 Dec 15

    Thank you for making what happened in London widely known.

  4. #4 Lloyd Vivola 21 Dec 15

    Yes, important that these stories be shared. As go indigenous people, so go the oceans, the forests, the wildlife, the air we breathe, food security, etc. That their concerns and experiences would also be brushed aside at the Climate Summit in Paris, along with the rights of nature, simply demonstrates that the powers-that-be continue to address our ecological crises by sticking to the same models that have brought us to the edge of catastrophe on both the global and local levels.

  5. #5 Lloyd Vivola 21 Dec 15

    Yes, important that this story be shared. As go indigenous people, so go the oceans, the forests, the wildlife, the air we breathe, food security, etc. That their concerns and experiences would also be brushed aside at the Climate summit in Paris, along with the Rights of Nature, simply demonstrates how the powers-that-be continue to address our ecological crises according to the same models that have brought us to the edge of catastrophe on both the local and global levels.

  6. #6 Molcoasa Nicolae 22 Dec 15

    Doar ampreuna putem cladi o viata prospera mai buna social economic

  7. #7 Molcoasa Nicolae 22 Dec 15

    craciun fericit

  8. #8 Pat Spring 21 Jan 16

    What's so special about your oppression? All but the uber-rich 1% of global capitalists will suffer under climate change at its worst, and even that stupid, selfish 1% will also suffer eventually - gates and armed guards won't keep out the weather. Attempts to hijack such broad based marches by splinter groups achieve nothing but dissent and distraction, diluting the protest's impact. In any case, along with 70,000 others, I was there, right next to the fire engine where Jeremy Corbyn, Caroline Lucas and others were addressing the march. A black man in inappropriately quasi-military uniform, presumably from your group, gave a long angry speech from the same fire engine and was warmly applauded. The Sami peoples then sang their song from the fire engine and the march started. If your die-in tactics failed, it was just that 70,000 people, with many children and old folk, simply wanted to get moving on that cold, wet day after many had stood still for two or three hours. You may as well have asked Niagara Falls to stop flowing.

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