Hunger and the 0.7% aid debate
But the 0.7 per cent target is not the be-all-and-end-all of the international development debate. Aid has ensured great progress has been made to combat poverty, hunger and disease across the globe. But how it is spent is vitally important, sometimes more so than how much. Aid needs to be effectively targeted and, moreover, the structural issues which perpetuate global inequalities need to be addressed.
We live in a world where an astounding number of people don’t have enough to eat. The latest estimate from the FAO (UN Food and Agriculture Organization) is that just under one billion people are hungry. Even more than this suffer from malnutrition as they don’t have access to nutritious food. And these figures don’t take into account acute crises. In the Horn of Africa, more than 13 million people have been affected by food shortages since last year, and now 13 million more are at risk in the Sahel.
It absolutely doesn’t have to be this way. Farmers the world over produce more than enough food for everyone. And yet one in seven go hungry because they either lack resources needed to grow enough food, or because they can’t afford to buy enough food.
Hunger is extremely complex, but it is solvable. Help to farmers is a good place to start, because ironically smallholders make up more than half of the world’s hungry people. With the right support, smallholders can grow more, eat more and better food and even go on to employ others, ensuring their whole communities thrive. Aid targeted towards these hungry farmers has a huge impact – unlike food aid, it addresses hunger sustainably.
The UK has been making progress on aid for sustainable hunger reduction, and the government has so far kept to a pledge made with other G8 leaders to deliver £1.1 billion ($1.8 billion) in aid as part of the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative. But this year, the G8 deal is coming to an end.
A new commitment to tackle world hunger is desperately needed, and with the UK taking up the G8 presidency next year, David Cameron is in a great position to push for this at the G8 on May 19. If you would like to support Concern’s campaign for a new G8 pledge, you can find out more here.
But aid isn’t the only solution. Despite recent hard times, the UK is still a wealthy country, and the activities of its sizeable economy have a huge impact globally. For example, high and fluctuating food prices are one of the fundamental causes of global hunger.
One important driver of global food price rises is increasing food speculation on international markets, much of which is happening in the financial district of the City of London. The World Development Movement is running a great campaign to tackle this. Another thing driving high food prices is the amount of land turned over to grow biofuels, and Actionaid are running a UK-focused petition to try and change UK and EU support for this.
We need to give aid, and to spend it well to make sustainable changes. But aid is not the only answer to global poverty and hunger.
Natasha Adams is the UK Campaigns and Parliamentary Officer for Concern Worldwide.
Photo: A farming family sharing a meal in Gakenke District, Rwanda.(Mike Goldwater/ Concern)