New Internationalist

Action And Worth Reading

Issue 250

new internationalist
issue 250 - December 1993

ACTION

INTERNATIONAL
World Health Organization Global Programme on Aids, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland is the official UN response to the epidemic.

International Council of Aids Service Organizations
promotes NGOs and community based groups.
HQ: 65 Wellesley St. E., Suite 403, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4Y 1G7 Tel: (1-416) 921-0018 Fax: (1-416) 921-9979
Email: icaso@icaso.org Web: http://www.icaso.org/
Europe: PB 6879, St Olavs Pl, 0130 Oslo, Norway, tel +47 2 11 49 00.

International Planned Parenthood Federation
,Western Hemisphere Region,120 Wall Street, 9th Floor, New York, NY 10005 Tel. (212) 248-6400 Fax (212) 248-4221 Email: info@ippfwhr.org Web: http://www.ippfwhr.org/

Panos Institute, 9 White Lion Street, London N1 9PD, Tel +44 (0)71 278 1111, Fax: +44 (0)20 7278 0345 has an AIDS and Development Programme. Email: info@panos.org.uk Web: www.panos.org.uk

AHRTAG integrates Aids with development issues.
Farringdon Point 29-35 Farringdon Road London EC1M 3BJ Tel. 0171 242 0606 Fax. 0171 242 0041
E-mail: ahrtag@gn.apc.org Web: www.cultstatus.com/cscuk/ahrtag.htm

Naz International works with Asian & Muslim communities.
Palingswick House, 241 King Street, London W6 9LP Tel: (0) 20 8563 0191 Fax: (0) 20 8741 9841
Email: kim@nfi.net, Web: http://www.nfi.net/

National Council for International Health, 1701 K Street NW, Washington DC 20006 Tel: +1 202 833 5900, is an NGO coalition.

UK
National Aids Helpline offers information and welcomes offers of help.
1st Floor, Cavern Court, 8 Matthew Street, Liverpool, Merseyside L2 6RE Tel: 0800 567 123
Email: info@helpline.org.uk

Terrence Higgins Trust, 52-54 Grays Inn Road, London WC1X 8JU, tel 071 242 1010. Tel: 020 7831 0330
Fax : 020 7242 0121 Email: info@tht.org.uk Web: http://www.tht.org.uk/

London Lighthouse
, 111-117 Lancaster Road, London W11 1QT, Tel:020 7792 1200 Fax:020 7229 1258
Email: enquiries@lighthouse-west.org.uk Web: www.tht.org.uk

Black HIV/Aids Network BCM BHAN, London WC1N 3XX, helpline: 081 742-9223.

National AIDS Manual produces UK and European directories of treatments and service organizations. Immunity, for legal advice and assistance.
Lincoln House, 1 Brixton Road, London SW9 6DE UK Tel: 44 (0) 20 7840 0050
Fax: 44 (0) 20 7735 5351 Email: info@nam.org.uk Web: http://www.aidsmap.com/

AOTEAROA/NZ
New Zealand Aids Foundation, PO Box 6663, Wellesley Street, Auckland, NZ Tel: (09) 303 3124 Fax: (09) 309 3149 Email: contact@nzaf.org.nz Web: http://www.nzaf.org.nz/

Auckland Drug Information Outreach Trust, 227a Symonds St, PO Box 68-134, Newton, Auckland, NZ
Tel: (09) 309-2542

Community Aids Resource Team
, 76 Grafton Road, Auckland, NZ Tel: 09 309 5560 Fax: 09 302 2338.
Email: cart@xtra.co.nz

National People Living With Aids Union, Tom O’Donoghue, PO Box 2558, Wellington, tel 04 382 8791, fax 04 801 5690.

Positive Women 76 Grafton Road, Auckland, tel 09 309 5560.

Te Roopuu Tautoko, National Office, PO Box 16050, Wellington, tel 04 389 9676, fax 04 389 9750, works with Maori communities.

AUSTRALIA
Australian Federation of Aids Organizations, PO Box 51, Newtown NSW 2042. Street address: Level 1, 222 King St, Newtown NSW 2042. Tel: 02 9557 9399 Fax: 02 9557 9867 Email: sdonohoe@afao.org.au Web: http://www.afao.org.au/

Aids Society of Asia and the Pacific, c/o Division of Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW 2031
Tel: 02 399 2770. Email: netra@pop.jaring.my or scotthearnden@inet.co.th

Albion St Centre, 150 Albion St, Surry Hills, NSW 2010 Tel: 02 9332 9600. Fax: 02 9331 3490
Email: ej.gold@unsw.edu.au Web: http://www.sesahs.nsw.gov.au/albionstcentre/

Aids Action Council of the ACT, Westlund House, 16 Gordon Street, Acton ACT 2601 or GPO Box 229, Canberra ACT 2601 Tel: 02 6257 2855 Fax: 02 6257 4838 Email: rebecca.davey@aidsaction.org.au Web: http://www.aidsaction.org.au/

USA
Aids Action Council, 1906 Sunderland Place NW, Washington, DC 20036 Tel: 202 530 8030 Fax: 202 530 8031
Web: http://www.aidsaction.org/

Act Up (Aids Coalition to Unleash Power) is the key US activist group. Most groups organized by state.
332 Bleecker St. Suite G5, New York, NY 10014 Tel: 212 364-2437 Email: actupny@panix.com Web: www.actupny.org

CANADA
National AIDS Clearinghouse specialises in AIDS education.
4-1565 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ont., K1Z 8RI Tel: (613) 725-3454 Fax: 725-9826 Email: info@cpha.ca
Web: http://www.aidssida.cpha.ca/

CISAM is a francophone community-based project. 3600 Hotel de Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H2X 3B6 Tel: 514 292-9888.

Canadian Aids Society is an umbrella for Canadian Aids groups.
309 Cooper St. 4th Floor, Ottawa, ON K2P 0G5 Tel: (613) 230-3580 Fax: (613) 563-4998 Email: CASInfo@cdnaids.ca
Web: http://www.cdnaids.ca/

Aids Action Now! the main Toronto activist group. 517 College, Suite 324, Toronto, Ont., M6G 4A2 Tel: (416) 506 1400

People with Aids Foundation for information and support. 399 Church St, Toronto, Ont., M5B 2JG Tel: (416) 506 1400
Fax: (416) 506 1404 Email: info@pwatoronto.org Web: http://www.pwatoronto.org/

Asian Community AIDS Services
, 33 Isabella Street, Suite 107 (entry code 526) Toronto, Ont., M4Y 2P7
Tel: (416) 963-4300 Fax: (416) 963-4371 Email: info@acas.org Web: http://www.acas.org/english/index.php

INDIA
Aids Bhedbhav Virodhi Andolan (ABVA), PO 5308, Delhi 110 053.

South Indian Aids Action Programme, Ayyanar Koil Street, Thattanchavadi, Pondicherry. Tel : 416141, 417224
Fax: (044) 4918747 .

MALAYSIA
Pink Triangle offers counselling and prevention programmes. 7C-2, Jln Ipoh Kechil (off Jln Raja Laut), Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 603 444 4611 Fax: 444 4622 E-mail: isham@pop7.jaring.my Web: http://dragoncastle.net/malaysia.shtml

PERU
MHOL for counselling and condoms. Marshal Miller 822-828 Jesus Maria, Files 11 - Peru. Tel: (511) 332-2945
Fax : (511) 332-2562 Email: lzanabria@mhol.org Web: www.mhol.org

MEXICO
Mexicanos Contra El Sida is an NGO consortium. Avenue University 1330-1402C, Col. Of the Carmen Coyoacán, 04100 Mexico, D. F. Email: amigos@prodigy.net.mx Web: http://www.aids-sida.org/organiz-indice.html

BRAZIL
ABIA Rua da Candelária, 79/10º andar - Centro, Rio de Janeiro/RJ – Cep: 20091-020, Brazil Tel: 55 21 2223 1040
Fax: 55 21 2253 8495 E-mail: abia@ax.apc.org Web: http://www.abiaids.org.br

UGANDA
TASO, Old Mulago Complex, P. O. Box 10443, Kampala. Tel: 256-41-532580/1 Fax: 256-41-541288
Email: mail@tasouganda.org Web: http://www.tasouganda.org/

Action section drawn up with Lisa Power and National Aids Manual.

Worth reading
Three dossiers from Panos, Aids and the Third World, The Third Epidemic and Triple Jeopardy carry wide-ranging information on Aids policies and practice in the South. Their World Aids magazine provides updates on the current situation. Aids Action bulletin, published by Appropriate Health Resources and Technologies Action Group, specializes in practical advice on healthcare globally while the Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases’ Current Aids Literature newsletter surveys scientific developments.

Some impacts of Aids on gay communities are described in Bearing Witness by Philip Kayal, Westview Press, 1993. For a radical view from the barricades Reports From the Holocaust by Larry Kramer, Penguin, 1990, documents his struggle for Aids awareness. Both open out on broader political and cultural questions of Aids and human rights explored in the collection Taking Liberties, edited by Erica Carter and Simon Watney, Serpent’s Tail, 1989. Women and Aids by Marge Berer and Sunanda Ray, Pandora, 1990, is an invaluable exploration of much neglected impacts on women. Adam Mars-Jones’ collection Monopolies of Loss, Faber and Faber, 1992 is a poignant literary portrait achieving in short stories what the Network photographers do in the photo essays of Positive Lives, Cassells,1993. People with HIV and Aids describe complex realities in their own words in Wise Before Their Time, compiled by A Richardson and D Bolle, Fount, 1992. We Miss You All by Noerine Kaleeba is a Ugandan woman’s view of Aids, available from TALC (UK Tel. 0727 53869). The series Strategies for Hope (Action Aid) gives positive examples of community responses. An invaluable reference book and comprehensive guide to research on all aspects of the pandemic is Aids in the World, by the Global Aids Policy Coalition, Harvard University, 1992.

BEING SAFE

Wise before their time. Safer Sex
The major route of HIV transmission is sexual. Once infected with HIVa person remains infectious for the rest of their life and can potentially pass on the virus to others. Not every act of sexual intercourse will transmit HIV from an infected to an uninfected person, but there is a genuine risk of transmission if no barrier – such as a condom – is used.

Safer sex is a way of adapting your sex life to minimize the risk of giving or getting HIV infection. It embraces the whole range of sexual activities, involving the minimum changes to render them safer. It is called ‘safer’ rather than ‘safe’ as it involves greatly reducing risk, rather than completely eliminating it.

Unprotected penetrative sex, whether vaginal or anal, is the major route of transmission of HIV. Unprotected anal intercourse, whether between two men or a man and a woman, is the highest risk activity. The rectum has less robust lining than the vagina and is more easily damaged. This can provide a route into the body for HIV from infected semen – and out of the body from the rectum into the penis via infected blood (blood can enter the penis through the hole in the end).

There is evidence to suggest that unprotected vaginal intercourse with an infected woman is particularly risky for the man during the woman’s period, though transmission can and does occur at other times. Transmission from man to woman is about twice as likely as from woman to man.

Research has shown that HIV is more easily passed on if either partner has a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Such infections may leave people more vulnerable to the risk of infection by weakening their immune system. The sores and ulcers that may occur as a result of STDs offer a ready route of entry for the virus. If you have an STD, such as genital herpes, syphilis or gonorrhoea, or indeed any STD, make sure that you get properly treated.

From HIV: How To Protect Yourself and Others published by the Terrence Higgins Trust and the Wellcome Foundation Ltd.

Injecting Drugs
Avoid sharing needles or syringes if injecting drugs. Several cities now operate needle exchanges (see Action).

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