New Internationalist

The Facts

Issue 162

new internationalist
issue 162 - August 1986

[image, unknown]

Commercial and political pressures are driving forward a new age
of technological change. On this page we account for some of
the actors, the priorities, the effects and the victims.

[image, unknown]

The top 30 companies in order of revenue from data-processing activities.

[image, unknown]

Rank

Company

Country

Total revenue
($ mill.)

Employers

R&D
($ mill.)

Net income
($ mill.)

1.

International business machines

US

50,056.0

405,535

4,723.0

6,55.0

2.

Digital equipment corporation

US

7,029.4

91,000

770.0

400.6

3.

Sperry Corporation

US

5,526.8

67,000

504.9

37.4

4.

Burroughs Corporation

US

5,037.7

60,500

285.2

248.2

5.

Fujitsu Limited

Japan

6,563.0

74,187

524.5

235.2

6.

NCR Corporation

US

4,317.2

62,000

299.1

315.2

7.

NEC Corporation

Japan

9,899.4

90,102

1,258.8

249.9

8.

Control Data Corporation

US

3,679.7

44,300

438.3

-567.5

9.

Hewlett-Packard Company

US

6,505.0

84,000

685.0

489.0

10.

Siemens AG

W. Germany

18,574.9

348,000

1,632.5

519.7

11.

Hitachi Limited

Japan

20,919.4

164,951

1,223.9

768.6

12.

Ing C Olivetti & Co SPA

Italy

3,070.2

48,944

142.0

250.0

13.

Wang Laboratories Corporation

US

2,428.3

31,000

187.0

-63.3

14.

Xerox Corporation

US

8,732.1

102,396

603.1

475.0

15.

Honeywell Incorporated

US

6,624.6

94,022

451.4

281.6

16.

Groupe Bull

France

1,794.5

26,403

182.3

12.3

17.

Apple Computer Corporation

US

1,753.8

4,182

72.5

72.0

18.

AT&T Company

US

34,910.0

337,963

2,209.7

1,557.0

19.

TRW Incorporated

US

5,917.2

82,446

254.9

-7.1

20.

Matsushita Electric Industry Co Ltd

Japan

21,221.4

133,963

1,011.0

1,035.1

21.

Toshiba Corporation

Japan

14,337.9

114,000

862.7

326.5

22.

NV Philips Gloellampenfabrieken

Netherlands

18,085.6

345,600

1,208.1

276.8

23.

Nixdorf Computer AG

W. Germany

1,339.9

23,290

130.9

NA

24.

STC

UK

2,560.6

51,600

196.8

-69.0

25.

Northern Telecom Limited

Canada

4,246.9

46,549

427.9

275.0

26.

LM Ericsson

Sweden

3,779.3

78,000

325.4

38.7

27.

Tandy Corporation

US

3,126.3

35,000

NA

203.9

28.

Data General Corporation

US

1,199.7

16,535

128.4

24.3

29.

General Electric Company

US

28,285.0

304,000

NA

2,336.0

30.

McDonnell Douglas Corporation

US

11,477.7

97,067

NA

345.7

Source: Datamation, June 1986

 

[image, unknown]

[image, unknown]
[image, unknown]

Scource: Sleepers Wakel, Barry Jones Wheatsheaf, 1982

 

Photo: Tom Hanley / Camera Press
[image, unknown]

Working women are concentrated into just those jobs which are most easily automated using micro-electronics. The data below shows the segregation of occupations in the US. The situation is similar on other countries. In Australia, for example, it has been calculated that, on the basis of 1977 data, 50 per cent of the female workforce are employed in the 'at risk' female occupations, compared with a figure of only 25 per cent for the males.

[image, unknown]

Source: Kaplinsky, ILO, 1986. See action

 

[image, unknown]

Scientific and technical research do not simply follow where inspiration leads. Each country's investments reflect the priorities of the political paymasters - as indicated on the diagram below for the major Western nations.

[image, unknown]

Source: OECD Observer, Jan 1986

 

[image, unknown]

An increasing percentage of the workforce in most Western countries are now handlers of information and providers of services rather than manufacturers of physical goods.

[image, unknown]

Source: Microman, Pash and Curran, Century, 1982


last page choose another issue go to the contents page [image, unknown] next page


This first appeared in our award-winning magazine - to read more, subscribe from just £7

Comments on The Facts

Leave your comment