Aid funds are boosted dramatically whenever there is a major tragedy which captures news headlines. These have been the most significant disasters of recent years.
1976 - 1979 Indo China troubles
After Vietnamese victory, escaping Chinese made up the boat people. Invasion of Kampuchea by Vietnamese forces in 1 979. Pol Pot’s wholesale massacres of up to 3 million and destruction pf modern farming techniques brought threat of famine: Voluntary agencies helped the boat people, Thai refugee camps and internal Kampuchean reconstruction.
1980 East Africa drought
No rains in Somalia, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Djibouti aggravated by effects of Ethiopia/Somalia war. Somali refugee centres provided relief for 70 - 80,000.
1981 - 1985 Central America civil war
Internal fighting in El Salvador and Guatemala brought population displacement Major refugee camps in Mexico and Honduras.
1982 Lebanon civil war
Sporadic fighting since 1975 between Christians and Muslims. Intensified by Israeli invasion in 1982. Massacres in Palestinian refugee camps. 80,000 refugees displaced by fighting.
1984/5 Africa famine
Drought affects 15 - 20 countries, 6 very severely. Problems heightened by Ethiopian forces fighting secessionist movements in Eritrea and Tigray. Half Ethiopian drought victims in war zones unable to be reached by famine relief. 300,000 Ethiopians now in Sudanese refugee camps.