New Internationalist

The Facts

Issue 145

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The FACTS

Measuring the gulf
Racism affects every area of black people's lives.
The effects of racism can be seen in the gulf between
the black and white experience or work, housing, health
and education - among our most basic needs.

WORK
Black people are more likely to be unemployed.

Percentage of each group unemployed:

AUSTRALIA

White 7.6%
Aboriginal 24.6%
Vietnamese 26.9%
Lebanese 31.9%

CANADA

National ave. 13.6%
Native peoples 50-75%

UNITED KINGDOM

Men
Women
White
13%
10%
Afro-Caribbean
25%
16%
Indian sub-continent
20%
20%
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White people are more likely to have professional or managerial jobs

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Percentage of each group in professional jobs:

AUSTRALIA
White 14.2%
Aboriginal 7%
Vietnamese 5.9%
Lebanese 2.4%
NEW ZEALAND
Maoris 4.6%
Others 17.2%
UNITED KINGDOM
White 19%
Indian sub-continent 13%
Afro-Caribbean 5%

HOUSING
Black people are more likely to
face bad housing conditions.

[image, unknown] AUSTRALIA

Proportion living in improvised shelter:
Aboriginals 9%
National average 0.2%

A Queensland survey of aboriginal housing showed:
Totally unacceptable 63%
Unacceptable but needing repair 34%
On a par with normal white standards 3%

CANADA

Proportion with sewerage and running water:
Native 50%
National average 96%

Native population of Montreal (1976):
Resident 250
Transient 6,500

UNITED KINGDOM

Percentage of each group allocated council housing by type of accommodation:

FLATS
HOUSES
CROWDING
White
27%
39%
5%
Afro-Caribbean
54%
9%
20%
Indian sub-cont.
54%
11%
43%

Percentage of each group in pre-1919 housing:

White
26.6%
Afro-Caribbean
46.8%
Indian.sub-cont.
61.7%

EDUCATION
Black people are less likely
to receive a full education.

[image, unknown] AUSTRALIA

Percentage receiving no schooling:
Aboriginals 11.7%
Others 0.08%
(80% of aboriginals have no educational qualifications)

CANADA

80% of native indian children do not complete high school.

NEW ZEALAND

Whites are twice as likely as Maoris to complete secondary school and six times more likely to enter university.

UNITED KINGDOM

There are only 800 black teachers nationwide

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HEALTH
White people live longer.

[image, unknown] Life expectancy at birth

AUSTRALIA
Aboriginals 53 years
National average 73 years

CANADA
Native Indians 66 years
National average 75 years
The suicide rate of Canadian native indians is 2 1/2 times the national average

USA
Whites live an average of 4.6 years longer than blacks, hispanics and native Americans.
Black babies are more likely to die.

Infant mortality per 1000 live births
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INCOME
Black people earn less money.

[image, unknown] AUSTRALIA

Average annual family income:
Aboriginals $ 6,626
Others $12,026

CANADA

Native indian men earn: 60.2% of male average wage.
Native indian women earn: 71.7% of female average wage.
Indo-Chinese people earn 2/3 of national average.

USA

Average family income $19,661
Puerto Rican family income $9,855

UNITED KINGDOM

Average weekly eamings:
White £129
Indian sub-continent £111
Afro-Caribbean £109

Black people are more than twice as likely to be below the poverty line.

SOURCES

WORK: AUS. Bureau of Statistics, Dept. of Aboriginal Affairs; CAN.Ministry of Indian & Northern Affairs 1980; NZ. 1981 Census; UK. Policy Studies Institute.
HOUSING:
AUS. Bureau of Statistics; CAN. Faderal Dept. of Indian Affairs 7980, Council on Social Development 1976; UK. Policy Studies Institute.
HEALTH:
AUS.Bureau of Statistics; CAN. Ministry of Indian & Northern Affairs, UNICEF, Statistics Canada; USA. National Center for Health Statistics.
EDUCATION:
AUS.Bureau of Statistics; CAN. Statistics Canada 1983; NZ. 1981 Census; UK Runnymede Trust.
INCOME:
AUS. Bureau of Statistics; CAN. Abella Commission; UK. Policy Studies Institute; USA. 1979 Census; Commission on Civil Rights.


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