Rattling tins, lobbying legislators, questioning multinational company executives, showing films — there is no shortage of things to do for world development. But action means choice: Who do we work with? And what are our aims and priorities? What methods and tactics do we choose? In this special ‘user’s guide’ we outline some of the choices for action ‘beyond Brandt'. We also profile a selection of development organisations and campaign groups — and assess their action priorities according to our user’s guide symbols.
At their best, aid projects funded by Western donors can encourage the poor to awake to their dignity and potential, organise together, and improve their lives.
Examples: Agricultural co-ops, appropriate technology controlled by the poor, ‘conscientising’ education, training village health workers, community development in the inner city.
Informing people in the North about the realities of poverty and underdevelopment; trying to change cultural and political attitudes.
Examples: Educational work in schools, public meetings and conferences, study material for adult groups, learning through the experience of campaign action.
(Government) Action to influence or change policies of governments in North and South and/or of international institutions (UNCTAD, IMF, World Bank, etc).
Examples: Lobbying elected officials and government agencies, monitoring international conferences, protesting arms sales or human rights violations.
(Companies and Banks) Challenging the holders of economic power and trying to make managers and financiers more accountable to the world’s poor.
Examples: ‘Counter information’ on company activity, share-holder pressure on executives to pay higher wages, respect the rights of indigenous peoples and disinvest from states with oppressive regimes; developing trade union alliances or plans for production for social need.
Supporting the organised poor where channels for peaceful change are blocked, repression has generated resistance and liberation movements have popular support and a programme based
on people’s participation and social justice.
Example: Publicising the realities of the conflict, countering the regime’s propaganda, giving humanitarian aid to liberation movements, organising diplomatic and moral support until liberation forces have gained power and afterwards.
(Ask contact address for details of national groupings).
International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN)
International coalition aiming to improve infant and maternal health by curbing commercial promotion of breast milk substitutes. Monitors company activity worldwide; presses for national legislation implementing World Health Organization’s recommended marketing code (adopted May 1981).
IBFAN C/- GIFA, Box 157, 1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland.
Health Action International (HAl)
Network of consumer and other campaign groups monitoring drug sales worldwide. Aims to reduce Third World dependence on expensive Western drugs, produce materials, raise public awareness. C/- International Organisation of Consumer Unions, P.O. Box 1045, Penang, Malaysia.
Members in 41 national chapters try to protect human rights worldwide: East, West, North and South. Campaigns for release of known political prisoners; currently concerned to find effective campaign methods on behalf of ‘disappeared’ — people abducted, probably tortured and killed without trace.
10 Southampton Street, London
Oxfam Community Aid Abroad
Financial support for Third World poor and co-operative movements in oppressed communities. Tries to counter powerlessness which prevents people from organising.
156 George Street, Fitzroy, Victoria, 3065
Asia Partnership for Human Development
Supports organised poor in their attempts to gain freedom, and the dignity/quality of life which go with it.
P.O. Box J124, Brickfield Hill, New South Wales, 2000
Australian Catholic Relief
Australian Catholic aid agency, with major emphasis on aid and education. Priority to awareness raising in Third World communities leading to self-reliant community action.
P0 Box J124, Brickfield Hill, New South Wales, 2000
Action for World Development
Promotes social justice and human development by working through national network of individuals and groups. Tries to counter real and imagined powerlessness inhibiting Australian people’s action on social justice issues.
183 Gertrude Street, Fitzroy, Victoria, 3065
International Development Action
Supports people threatened by exploitive foreign companies. Combats the 'rip-off' mentality of transnationals and foreign investors in Third World.
73 Little George Street, Fitzroy, Victoria, 3065
Aboriginal Treaty Committee
Works for a just and formal written treaty between Commonwealth of Australia and Aborigines. Major obstacles to be overcome include transnational mining interests and federal-state relations.
P0 Box 1242, Canberra City, ACT 2601
Supports aid programmes and projects and sponsors poor children in Third World countries. Sees itself as an ‘apolitical’ organisation not involved in political advocacy.
720 Spadina Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2W3
Aid, education and solidarity work all equal priority. Supports self-generated Third World projects challenging political power structures. Development education efforts attempt to show under-development as common to both Third World and Canada.
251 Laurier West, Ottawa, Ontario
Inter-Church Committee on Human Rights in Latin America (ICCHRLA)
Coalition representing major churches. Human rights advocacy by lobbying Canadian government Development education/solidarity campaigns highlighting human rights violations and repression in Central/South America. Political clout of churches gives possibilities to influence policy of corporations and government.
40 St Clair Avenue, East, Toronto, Ontario M4T 1M9
Ten Days for World Development
Main coalition effort of Canadian churches on Third World issues. Year long education programme with special ten day nationally-organised events in February. Services local committees with resources and government lobbying efforts.
85 St Clair Avenue, East, Toronto, Ontario
Latin America Working Group (LAWG)
Focus on development education, especially operation of multinational corporations, seen as major force of underdevelopment in Canada and Latin America. Active in linking struggle of Latin American trade unions with Canadian labour.
P0 Box 2207, Station Pl, Toronto, Ontario M5 S 2T2
British churches’ aid agency. Supports programmes and projects worldwide on basis of ’need not creed’. Aid goes mainly through World Council of Churches network. Seeks modernisation of English charity law, which restricts charity work to 'relief'.
P0 Box 1, London, 5W9 8BH
Largest UK aid agency. Worldwide project support ranglng from disaster relief to community organisation. Feedback and experience from Third World has prompted substantial UK development education work plus some campaigning (eg. on ‘babymilk action’).
274 Banbury Road, Oxford, 0X2 7DZ
Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG)
Promotes development and use of low-cost simple and/or small-scale technologies in Third World countries. Works with local Third World institutions, UK firms, governments, etc.
9 King Street, London, WC2
Catholic Institute for International Relations (CIIR)
Independent Catholic membership organisation. Sends qualified personnel to small-scale development projects: careful screening of both to avoid paternalism. Information/action programmes in the UK on Southern Africa, Latin America, Far East and adjustment of UK industry to Third World imports.
22 Coleman Fields, London, N1
War on Want and WOW Campaigns Ltd
Radical charity plus non-charitable associate. Supports community-based projects in UK and Third World. Stresses common causes and symptoms of under development at home and abroad. Aims to win support from labour movement and radical opinion generally. WOW Campaigns formed to escape charity law strait-jacket and deal squarely with ‘political’ issues in development.
467 Caledonian Road, London, N7 9BE
Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT)
Works to end Britain’s involvement in the arms trade and to convert military industry to socially useful production. Decentralised campaign structure in UK, but also has international network contacts. Main targets are government, industry. Strong church/trade union support.
5 Caledonian Road, London, N1 9DX
Third World First
National, mainly college-based movement seeing education as involving campaign action 5,000 members, 80 affiliated groups. Radical viewpoint on development Has led UK thinking on critique and alternatives to Brandt Report, plus major work on ‘babymilk’ and multinationals.
232 Cowley Road, Oxford, 0X4 1UH
World Development Movement
Independent movement of local action groups campaigning on North-South ‘New International Economic Order’ issues. Campaigned against government cuts and in favour of Brandt.
Bedford Chambers, Covent Garden, London, WC2E 8HA
Anti-Apartheid Movement for Freedom in Southern Africa
Tireless campaign against South African apartheid. Works by information, publicity, protest, lobbying. Currently mobilising support for UN mandatory sanctions against South Africa, especially in areas of military collaboration.
89 Charlotte Street, London, W1PD 2DQ
End Loans to South Africa (ELTSA)
Campaign urging UK banks to disengage from investment in South Africa, especially as regards loans to government and state-owned corporations. Started from radical Christian impetus, but has gained broad-based support.
467a Caledonian Road, London, N7 9BE