New Internationalist

The World of Work

Issue 086

Without an enormous growth in productive employment by the turn of the century, the Third World will be faced with a potentially explosive army of jobless and low-income earners. Here the New Internationalist outlines employment trends in the underdeveloped nations over the next 20 years. UNEMPLOYMENT and UNDEREMPLOYMENT

  • Almost everyone in the Third World works. But there is very little 'wage' employment. Most work, especially by women and children is for subsistence. Formal 'unemployment' statistics count only urban job hunters. They don't accurately gauge who works and who doesn't.
  • The real problem is insufficient opportunity to earn an adequate income - either on family farms or in paid employment.
  • The International Labour Office estimates that more than one-third of the Third World labour force is 'underemployed' in this way.

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