Population: 6 million
Population Growth Rate: 3.15%
Ethnic groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy)
1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Religions: Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%),
indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%
AIDS is a major factor in population changes, lowering life expectancy,
and increasing infant mortality.
Since October 1993 the nation has suffered from massive ethnic-based
violence which has resulted in the death of perhaps 250,000 persons
and the displacement of about 800,000 others.
Currency: Burundi franc (FBu)
GDP per capita: $160 (1994) [compared to Mexico $4,180; Zimbabwe
Growth rate: -0.70% (This means that the economy of Burundi got
smaller by seven-tenths of a percent in the period from 1985-1994) :coffee provides 80% of export income. Other exports:
tea, sugar, cotton, hides.
Debt service: 41.7% of imports
Burundi has very few resources and very little manufacturing. It is
very difficult for it to develop world trade because the country has
no seacoast; it is 1,400 kilometres to the nearest sea port.
The economy is predominantely agricultural with roughly 90% of the
population dependent on agriculture for their basic needs. (The percentage
of the population working in agriculture is one of the highest levels
in the world)
Foods, medicines, and electricity remain in short supply.
Burundi is one of the countries that, according to the World Bank and
the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have an unsustainable debt burden.
That means there is no way that Burundi can pay back the money it "owes".
Literacy rate:age 15 and over can read and write total population:
Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along
Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Almost all people are extremely poor.
The country is hilly, with some plateaus and some mountains.
Soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture
into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because
of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife
Conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi has dominated politics in
Recent history has seen a succession of coups and counter-coups.