‘The police are overstretched and under-resourced. Because of this, they rely heavily on confessions to ’solve’ crimes - rather than on expensive investigations,’ Amnesty’s Aster van Kregten said.
LEDAP, the Nigerian legal organization which co-authored the report, says that under Nigerian law, confessions under torture cannot be used as evidence in court. ‘Judges know that there is widespread torture by the police - and yet they continue to sentence suspects to death based on these confessions, leading to many possibly innocent people being sentenced to death,’ LEDAP’s national co-ordinator Chino Obiagwu said.
The report ties in with an interview I did last year with Damien Ugwu from the Nigerian Civil Liberties Organisation on torture by police in Nigeria. Damien highlighted the police tendency to target young men and poor people as criminals. The torture statistics are extremely high with 99 per cent of people detained by the police likely to experience physical or mental torture. Most of the torture is taking place by junior ranking officers, many of whom have not had proper training and are under pressure to get results. Although there is no official policy, there is a culture of torture with most police stations having a torture chamber and an officer in charge of torture.
Listen to the interview with Damien Ugwu of the Nigerian Civil Liberties Organisation.